法律英语专业词汇


诉讼法律



案件 case


案件发回 remand


案件名称 title of a case


案卷材料 materials in the case


案情陈述书 statement of case


案外人 person other than involved in the case


案值 total value involved in the case


败诉方 losing party


办案人员 personnel handling a case


保全措施申请书 application for protective measures


报案 report a case (to security authorities)


被告 defendant; the accused


被告人最后陈述 final statement of the accused


被告向原告第二次答辩 rejoinder


被害人 victim


被申请人 respondent


被申请执行人 party against whom execution is filed


被执行人 person subject to enforcement


本诉 principal action


必要共同诉讼人 party in necessary co-litigation


变通管辖 jurisdiction by accord


辩护 defense


辩护律师 defense attorney/lawyer


辩护人 defender


辩护证据 exculpatory evidence; defense evidence


辩论阶段 stage of court debate


驳回反诉 dismiss a counterclaim; reject a counterclaim


驳回请求 deny/dismiss a motion


驳回诉讼 dismiss an action/suit


驳回通知书 notice of dismissal


驳回自诉 dismiss/reject a private prosecution


驳回自诉裁定书 ruling of dismissing private-prosecuting case


补充答辩 supplementary answer


补充侦查 supplementary investigation


不公开审理 trial in camera


不立案决定书 written decision of no case-filing


不批准逮捕决定书 written decision of disapproving an arrest


不予受理起诉通知书 notice of dismissal of accusation by the court


财产保全申请书 application for attachment; application for property preservation


裁定 order; determination (指最终裁定)


裁定管辖 jurisdiction by order


裁定书 order; ruling


裁决书 award


采信的证据 admitted evidence


查封 seal up


撤回上诉 withdraw appeal


撤诉 withdraw a lawsuit


撤销立案 revoke a case placed on file


出示的证据 exhibit


传唤 summon; call


传闻证据 hearsay


答辩 answer; reply


答辩状answer; reply


**官 associate justices; justice


大检察官 deputy chief procurator


代理控告 agency for accusation


代理申诉 agency for appeal


代理审判员 acting judge


代为申请取保候审 agency for application of the bail pending trial with restrictedliberty of moving


弹劾式诉讼 accusatory procedure


地区管辖 territorial jurisdiction


第三人 third party


调查笔录 record of investigation


冻结 freeze


督促程序 procedure of supervision and urge


独任庭 sole-judge bench


独任仲裁员 sole arbitrator


对妨碍民事诉讼的强制措施 compulsory measures against impairment of civilaction


二审 trial of second instance


二审案件 case of trial of second insurance


罚款 impose a fine


法定证据 statutory legal evidence


法定证据制度 system of legal evidence


法官 judges


法律文书 legal instruments/papers


法律援助 legal aid


法律咨询 legal consulting


法庭辩论 court debate


法庭调查 court investigation


法庭审理笔录 court record


法庭审理方式 mode of court trial


法庭庭长 chief judge of a tribunal


法院 court


法院公告 court announcement


反诉 counterclaim


反诉答辩状 answer with counterclaim


反诉状 counterclaim


犯罪嫌疑人 criminal suspect


附带民事诉讼案件 a collateral civil action


附带民事诉讼被告 defendant of collateral civil action


复查 reexamination; recheck


高级法官 senior judge


高级检察官 senior procurator


高级人民法院 Higher People's Court


告诉案件 case of complaint


告诉才处理的案件 case accepted at complaint


告诉申诉庭 complaint and petition division


工读学校 work-study school for delinquent children


公开审理 trial in public


公开审判制度 open trial system


公示催告程序 procedure of public summons for exhortation


公诉案件 public-prosecuting case


公诉词 statement of public prosecution


公证机关 public notary office


共同管辖 concurrent jurisdiction


管辖 jurisdiction


国际司法协助 international judicial assistance


海事法院 maritime court


合议庭 collegial panel


合议庭评议笔录 record of deliberating by the collegiate bench


和解 composition; compromise


核对诉讼当事人身份 check identity of litigious parties


恢复执行 resumption of execution
回避 withdrawal


混合式诉讼 mixed action


基层人民法院 basic People's Court


羁押期限 term in custody


级别管辖 subject matter jurisdiction of courts at different levels


监视居住 living at home under surveillance


监狱 prison


检察官 procurator


检察权 prosecutorial power


简易程序 summary procedure


鉴定结论 expert conclusion


经济审判庭 economic tribunal


径行判决 direct adjudication without sessions;


纠问式诉讼 inquisitional proceedings


拘传 summon by force; summon by warrant


拘留所 detention house


举报 information/report of an offence


决定书 decision


开庭审理 open a court session


开庭通知 notice of court session


勘验笔录 record of inquest


看守所 detention house


可执行财产 executable property


控告式诉讼 accusatory proceedings


控诉证据 incriminating evidence


控诉职能 accusation function


宽限期 period of grace


劳动争议仲裁申请书 petition for labor dispute arbitration


劳改场 reform-through-labor farm


劳教所 reeducation-through-labor office


类推判决的核准程序 procedure for examination and approval of analogicalsentence


累积证据 cumulative evidence


立案报告 place a case on file


立案管辖 functional jurisdiction


立案决定书 written decision of case-filing


立案侦查 report of placing a case on file


利害关系人 interested party


临时裁决书 interim award


律师见证书 lawyer's written attestation; lawyer's written authentication


律师事务所 law office; law firm


律师提前介入 prior intervention by lawyer


免于刑事处分 exemption from criminal penalty


民事案件 civil case


民事审判庭 civil tribunal


民事诉讼 civil action


民事诉讼法 Civil Procedural Law


扭送 seize and deliver a suspect to the police


派出法庭 detached tribunal


派出所 police station


旁证 circumstantial evidence


陪审员 juror


批准逮捕 approval of arrest


破案 clear up a criminal case; solve a criminal case


破产 bankruptcy; insolvency


普通程序 general/ordinary procedure


普通管辖 general jurisdiction


企业法人破产还债程序 procedure of bankruptcy and liquidation of a businesscorporation


起诉filing of a lawsuit


起诉 sue; litigate; prosecute; institution of proceedings


起诉状 indictment; information


取保候审 the bail pending trial with restricted liberty of moving


人民调解委员会 People's Mediation Committee

认定公民无民事行为能力、限制民事行为能力案件cases concerning determination of a citizen asincompetent or with limited disposing capacity


上诉 appeal


上诉人 appellant


上诉状 petition for appeal


少管所 juvenile prison


社会治安综合治理 comprehensive treatment of social security


涉外案件 cases involving foreign interests


涉外民事诉讼 foreign civil proceedings


涉外刑事诉讼 foreign criminal proceedings


申请人 applicant; petitioner


申请书 petition; application for arbitration


申请执行人 execution applicant


申诉人宣誓书 claimant's affidavit of authenticity


申诉书 appeal for revision; petition for revision


神示证据制度 system of divinity evidence


神示制度 ordeal system


审查案件 case review


审查并决定逮捕 examine and decide arrest


审查起诉阶段 stage of review and prosecution


审理通知书 notice of hearing


审判长 presiding judge


审判长宣布开庭 presiding judge announce court in session


审判监督程序 procedure for trial supervision


审判委员会 judicial committee


审判员 judge


审问式诉讼 inquisitional proceedings


胜诉方 winning party


失踪和死亡宣告 declaration of disappearance and death


实(质)体证据 substantial evidence


实物证据 tangible evidence


实在证据 real evidence


示意证据 demonstrative evidence


视听证据 audio-visual evidence


收容所 collecting post; safe retreat


首席**官 chief justice


首席检察官 chief procurator


受害人的近亲属 victim's immediate family


受理 acceptance


受理刑事案件审批表 registration form of acceptance of criminal case


受送达人 the addressee


书记员 court clerk


书记员宣读法庭纪律 court clerk reads court rules


书证 documentary evidence


司法部 Ministry of Justice


司法警察 judicial police


司法局 judicial bureau


司法厅 judicial bureau at the levels of provinces, autonomous regions, andcities under direct jurisdiction of central government


司法协助 judicial assistance


死缓的复核 judicial review of death sentence with a retrieve


死刑复核程序 procedure for judicial review of death sentence


死刑复核权 competence for judicial review of death sentence


送达 service of process


送达传票 service of summons/subpoena


送达诉状 service of bill of complaint


搜查 search


诉 sue; suit; action; lawsuit


诉前财产保全 property attachment prior to lawsuit


诉讼 litigation; lawsuit; sue; action


诉讼保全 attachment


诉讼参加人 litigious participants


诉状 complaint; bill of complaint; state of claim


特别程序 special procedures


提起公诉 institute a public prosecution


铁路法院 railway court


庭审程序 procedure of court trial


通缉 wanted for arrest


投案 appearance


退回补充侦查 return of a case for supplementary investigation


委托辩护 entrusted defense


未成年人法庭 juvenile court


无行政职务的法官 associate judge


无正当理由拒不到庭 refuse to appear in court without due cause


无罪判决 acquittal, finding of " not guilty "


物证 material evidence


先予执行申请书 application for advanced execution


先予执行 advanced execution


刑事案件 criminal case


刑事拘留 criminal detention


刑事强制拘留 criminal coercive/compulsory measures


刑事审判庭 criminal tribunal


刑事诉讼 criminal proceedings


刑事诉讼法 Criminal Procedural Law


刑事自诉状 self-incriminating criminal complaint


行政案件 administrative case


行政审判庭 administrative tribunal


行政诉讼 administrative proceedings


行政诉讼法 Administrative Procedural Law


宣告失踪、宣告死亡案件 cases concerning the declaration of disappearance anddeath


选民资格案件 cases concerning qualifications of voters


询问证人 inquire/question a witness


训诫 reprimand


讯问笔录 record of interrogation


询问犯罪嫌疑人 interrogate criminal suspect


言词证据 verbal evidence


要求传唤证人申请书 application for subpoena


一裁终局 arbitration award shall be final and binding


一审 trial of first instance


一审案件 case of trial of first instance


有罪判决 sentence; finding of "guilty"

原告 plaintiff


院长 court president


阅卷笔录 record of file review (by lawyers)


再审案件 case of retrial


再审申请书 petition for retrial


责令具结悔过 order to sign a statement of repentance


债权人会议 creditors' meeting


侦查阶段 investigation stage


侦查终结 conclusion of investigation


征询原、被告最后意见 consulting final opinion of the plaintiff anddefendant


证据 evidence


证据保全 preserve evidence


证据保全申请书 application for evidence preservation


证人证言 testimony of witness; affidavit


支付令 payment order/warrant


知识产权庭 intellectual property tribunal


执行程序 procedure execution


执行逮捕 execution of arrest


执行和解 conciliation of execution


执行回转 recovery of execution


执行庭 executive tribunal


执行异议 objection to execution


执行员 executor


执行中止 discontinuance of execution


执行终结 conclusion of execution


指定辩护 appointed defense


指定仲裁员声明 statement of appointing arbitrator


中级人民法院 intermediate People's Court


中途退庭 retreat during court session without permission


仲裁 arbitration


仲裁被诉人 respondent; defendant

仲裁裁决 award


仲裁申请书 arbitration


仲裁申诉人 claimant; plaintiff


仲裁庭 arbitration tribunal


仲裁委员会 arbitration committee


仲裁协议 arbitration agreement; clauses of arbitration


仲裁员 arbitrator


主诉检察官 principal procurator


助理检察官 assistant procurator


助理审判员 assistant judge


专门法院 special court


专门管辖 specific jurisdiction


专属管辖 exclusive jurisdiction


追究刑事责任 investigate for criminal responsibility


自首 confession to justice


自诉案件 private-prosecuting case


自行辩护 self-defense


自由心证制度 doctrine of discretional evaluation of evidence


自侦案件 self-investigating case


最高人民法院 the Supreme People's Court


最后裁决书 final award